Gee and Hays discuss how content is identified at schools. When we think of the word content, we think of it as an idea that covers an entire message. For example, students read stories and are asked what is the content of the story? Well it is basically what it is about and what it covers. Not only does content mean the story line, it can also mean the message of a particular phrase. For instance, the content can have a completely different meaning in a sentence. “She loves school days” this content is actually an expression of exaggeration, meaning where the content actually changes meaning. In this phrase, it is actually meant that the person doesn’t like school. Knowing this content also has another meaning within the school system: “content literacy” (66). Content in this case means all the different classes schools have. Gee and Hayes discuss how the content of the courses do not meet the academic disciplines where there are methods, tools, practices, and controversies to asses the gained knowledge (66). What they argue about is that the digital media can already give the facts and information about a particular subject, say chemistry on the web. What they display here is that schools focus on memorization rather than problem solving. The question is..is technology causing students to lack useful thinking as well as problem solving. With that said, the literacy tests are meant to test a student’s content in every class area but not actual problem solving. Hence, technology could pose a problem when students focus on memorizing but not applying their knowledge to further their personal success in school. Today a person can go online and search any topic, but he or she might not know how to apply it to circumstances to solve problems. On the other hand, the Internet can answer copious amounts of questions but are meaningless unless we apply them to situations in the future. Schools only teach the ideal aspects of education, but not the critical thinking aspects. Not every school lacks this, but many do and Gee and Hayes believe that schools have to be reformed for the better.